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Road Navigation

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Title Road Navigation
Author(s) Rui Barradas Pereira, GMV
Level Basic
Year of Publication 2011
Logo GMV.png

Car navigation is still one of the main applications of GNSS, as reported in the GNSS Market Report, Issue 3. GNSS data combined with electronic maps allow positioning and guidance of the road user.

Route guidance using satellite navigation is already a well-established product offered both by car manufacturers and standalone navigation devices. The majority of these systems are based on satellite navigation systems that can be integrated with onboard sensors (odometer and gyros) to compute optimal routes in real-time[1].


Application Architecture

Road Navigation using Phone

Road Navigation applications are implemented using an in-vehicle navigation device, a standalone Personal Navigation Device or a standalone application running on a GNSS-enabled mobile device.

Normally the map and database of these applications are local, although in some case the local application is supported by online services that provide database updates, additional dynamic data (such as traffic information) or even parts of the navigation functionality. Although these road navigation devices do not require internet access, they can benefit from internet access to have real-time traffic information that can be used by the routing algorithms. The internet access can be done directly by the device (specially in the case of applications running in mobile phones) or through the driver's phone using Bluetooth.

The process normally followed by these applications is[2]:

More advanced functionality that might not be present in all devices can be:

These applications are considered non-critical applications.

The accuracy required by these applications is low. The current accuracy provided by civilian GPS is enough in most situations.

Application Characterization


These applications typically offer 2 routing algorithms:

Some manufacturers offer additional routing modes that take into consideration traffic conditions to choose the fastest route. These routing modes either use online servers that provide the current road conditions and incorporate this information in the routing algorithm or can use learning algorithms to learn traffic flow trends depending on the time of day and day of week. These learning algorithms can either use only local data from the driver or data collected from other users.

Another routing algorithm that is being offered by some manufacturers is the Ecological Route that calculates the route that will cause lesser impact in environment and lowest fuel consumption. Some devices can even connect with the vehicle on-board diagnostics (OBD) to collect the actual vehicle consumption and incorporate the vehicle's and driver's fuel consumption profile on the routing algorithms.

Road View

These applications usually provide 2 road views modes:

Some manufacturers include the possibility of using satellite images for the road views and even 3D building data and elevation data. These devices provide a richer interface making it easier for the driver to identify the landmarks and the intersections to take.

The road view can be complemented by visual indication of speed, estimated time of arrival or time left, distance left, lane to take, speed limit and/or road signs to follow.

Turn-by-turn audio indications will complement the visual information provided on the screen

Application Examples

The main road navigation application providers are[3]:

The main street and road map providers are[3]:



  1. ^ Galileo Application Sheet - Road Applications, ESA and European Commission, October 2002
  2. ^ Automotive navigation system in Wikipedia
  3. ^ a b GSA GNSS Market Report – Issue 1, October 2010.
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